The United States of America is located on the continent of North America . There are 50 States in total, 48 within the North American continent. To the northwest of Canada is the state of Alaska . The state of Hawaii is located in the Pacific Ocean , southwest of California . The U.S. borders on Canada to the north, and Mexico and the Gulf of Mexico to the south. On the east cost, the U.S. is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean , and on the west coast it is bordered by the Pacific Ocean .
In addition to the 50 states, the U.S. has several territories and possessions, located in the Caribbean Sea and the Pacific Ocean .
| Washington , D.C.
|July 4, 1776
| In God We Trust
New York , Los Angeles , Chicago , Houston , Philadelphia , San Diego , Detroit , Dallas , Phoenix , San Antonio
|281,421,908 (2000 Census)
|3,615,123 sq. mi. (9,375,720 sq. km.)
|The Star-Spangled Banner
|The Bald Eagle
| The Rose
The Capital, Washington , D.C.
New York City was the first capital of the United States once the Constitution was ratified. This is where Congress (that was formed under the Articles of Confederation) met. It is also where George Washington took the oath of office from the balcony of the old City Hall to become the first President of the United States.
One of the issues the President had to deal with was a permanent location for the country's seat of government. As part of a compromise, it was decided that the capital would move to Philadelphia , Pennsylvania in 1791 for ten years and then to a suitable permanent location on the Potomac River . Washington chose an area that included land from the states of Maryland and Virginia . At this time the area was primarily farm and marsh lands. Nevertheless, Congress was scheduled to meet in the new capital on the first Monday in December 1800.
Pierre Charles L'Enfant was hired to design the " Federal City " and within three months the plans were completed. Problems had to be overcome, but on June 11, 1800 , Philadelphia was no longer the seat of government. The capital of the United States now had a permanent home in Washington , D.C.
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THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA.
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